- Main Harness Overview
- Install the Headlight
- Routing The Main Wiring Harness
- Routing Harness Along Spine Tube
- What Plugs & Terminals Go Where
- Instrument Cluster Plug
- Fairing Sub-Harness Plug
- Front Brake Light Switch & Clutch Lever Switch Plugs
- White Plug: Voltage Regulator BLUE (D+) & Starter Relay BLACK (30) Wires
- Starter Relay Plug & Battery (+) Wire With RED End
- Electronic Ignition Control Unit White Plug
- Coil Trigger and Tachometer
- Horn Wires
- Frame Ground
- Coil Power (GREEN–Blue) Wire
- Rear Sub-Harness Plug And Oil Pressure & Neutral Switch Plug
- Rear Brake Light Switch Plug
- Handlebar Controls
- Ignition Switch Wires
Earlier, I replaced the main wiring harness. I removed all the old harness connections inside the headlight shell and installed the connections of the new harness. You can see how I did that work here:
Main Harness Overview
Here is a short picture summary of how the main wiring harness is constructed. All the details are discussed in the previous link about replacing the main wiring harness.
Install the Headlight
I installed the top fairing bracket on the steering head. The bracket includes the ears to mount the headlight shell. Then I install the headlight shell in the ears. You can see how I do that here.
- 00 BMW 1983 R100RS/RT Assembly From The Frame Up
I shot a video to show the main wiring harness routing.
VIDEO: 1983 BMW R100RS Routing Main Wiring Harness
Routing The Main Wiring Harness
The main harness exits the bottom of the headlight shell and routes along the frame spine tube.
Routing Harness Along Spine Tube
The main harness goes under the lower triple clamp (aka the lower yoke) and fits between the two front down tubes and in between the gussets that connect the steering head to the spine tube. I start by threading the longest wires first and slowly pull the rest of the harness toward the rear.
The harness routes between the left side starter relay bracket and right side voltage regulator bracket, then between the coil brackets. The plugs on the end of the main wiring harness that connect to the rear sub-harness, rear brake light switch and the oil pressure and neutral switches extend past the end of the engine block.
What Plugs & Terminals Go Where
There are numerous plugs and terminals on the main wiring harness that connect to wiring sub-harnesses or electrical components. I previously mounted many of the electrical components including the voltage regulator, coils, optical-electronic ignition control unit, the oil pressure switch on the engine block and the rear brake light switch.
I’ll start from the front of the main harness and show where each leg goes.
Instrument Cluster Plug
The instrument cluster plug has 12 pins that power the lights and the electronic tachometer.
Fairing Sub-Harness Plug
The fairing lights and the gauges (volt meter and clock) are connected into a sub-harness that plugs into a plug on the main wiring harness.
Front Brake Light Switch & Clutch Lever Switch Plugs
The front brake light switch plug has a GREEN–Red and two GREEN-Black wires. The clutch lever plug has a BROWN–Yellow and BROWN wire.
White Plug: Voltage Regulator BLUE (D+) & Starter Relay BLACK (30) Wires
This white plug has two wires and plugs into the other half from the engine that contains the BLUE wire that comes from the (D+) terminal on the diode board and a BLACK wire that goes to terminal (30) on the voltage regulator.
Starter Relay Plug & Battery (+) Wire With RED End
The main wiring harness includes the starter relay plug. But a BLACK wire with a RED end with a female spade terminal from the battery (+) terminal needs to be plugged into the horizontal hole that is second terminal (87).
Electronic Ignition Control Unit White Plug
This white plug routes on the right side of the spine tube. I am not using the stock BMW ignition control unit since I’m using the Euro MotoElectrics optical-electronic ignition system so I will not connect anything to this terminal.
Coil Trigger and Tachometer
The terminal with two BLACK wires connects to the lower spade on the right coil. The trigger wire for the optical-electronic ignition also attaches to this terminal.
There are two BROWN-White wires that go to the left and right side horns.
The frame ground is the BROWN wires on the ring terminal. The terminal is attached to the frame by the front, left coil bracket bolt.
Coil Power (GREEN–Blue) Wire
The GREEN–Blue coil power wire goes on one of the spades on the lower terminal of the left coil. The power wire to the optical-electronic ignition control module (RED wire) attaches to a second spade on the same coil terminal.
Rear Sub-Harness Plug And Oil Pressure & Neutral Switch Plug
The rear sub-harness plug connects to the rear wiring sub-harness to power the brake light, running light and rear turn signals. The smaller plug has a BROWN-Black wire that goes to the neutral switch and BROWN–Green wire that goes to the oil pressure switch and plugs into a sub-harness that connects to those switches.
Rear Brake Light Switch Plug
This plug has a GREEN–Red and a GREEN-Black wire. It plugs into the rear brake light switch sub-harness.
Although these are not directly attached to the main wiring harness, they too come from the headlight shell. I’ll attach them to the handlebars when I mount it.
Ignition Switch Wires
These four wires are not directly attached to the main wiring harness but they come from the headlight shell. I’ll attach them when I install the dash panel in the fairing.
2021-07-26 Correct error in picture captions of white connector with BLUE and BLACK wires
Hey Brooks, your stuff is insanely helpful. A lot of information. But I think you may have mislabeled a wire that goes to the spade terminal on the starter solenoid as going to terminal 30 on the voltage regulator instead (see screenshots). I also have a few questions that I’m struggling with answering. The questions are in the screenshot below as they correspond to specific wires.
Thank you for finding this error. To clarify, in the picture you provided, the wires in the left half of the white connector are:
BLACK-Starter Solenoid Terminal (50).
BLUE-GEN Indicator Light In Instrument Cluster.
The wires in the right half of the connecter are:
BLACK: Starter Relay Terminal (30)
BLUE: Voltage Regulator Terminal (D+)
I’ve edited the caption on my picture to correct my error.
The student becomes the master.